Fredericksburg, What is positive punishment in dog training?  

Is dog training necessary? If you own a dog, the answer is yes. Dog training will make your life easier and your relationship with your dog stronger. However, it takes consistency and determination to train a dog. Remember, dogs are complex. They don’t think the way we do. Dogs assimilate learnings quite differently from us. They have their own way of responding to people and other animals. The beauty of dog training is you can teach your dog to behave appropriately but it involves techniques.

If you use the wrong technique you will not be able to see changes in your dog’s behavior and you’re just wasting your time. To be sure, we recommend you hire a professional dog trainer. Dog trainers use four quadrants of operant conditioning when training dogs. These four quadrants are positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment, and last but not least negative punishment. All these techniques have been proven and tested to change dogs’ behaviors. Although they are interconnected in some ways, each technique is unique. In this post, we’ll concentrate on positive punishment. Positive punishment is adding a stimulus to stop unwanted behavior.

How Do You Define Positive Punishment?

In operant conditioning, the term “positive” means adding something. It doesn’t necessarily have to be something good despite it being called positive. Punishment is given to reduce the chances of an unwanted behavior happening again. So if you add the two terms together “positive” and “punishment” it’s about adding something to dissuade your dog from behaving in a certain way. And you do it so that your dog will understand that behaving badly again will result in punishment.

What Is An Example of Positive Punishment?

What type of positive punishment are you going to use on your dog? Well, that depends on what you want. You can add a physical correction, force, or pain. It’s entirely up to you. For example, if your dog will start pulling on its leash you can add positive punishment by yanking the leash back on a prong collar. The stimulus in this example is the prong collar correction that you will use directly after your dog pulls the leash. Adding the stimulus will stop your dog from pulling on the leash again. Another example is when your dog starts barking excessively. You can opt to squirt water on your dog as a form of punishment. This will let your dog know that if it barks loudly and excessively again, it will get wet.

What are the Advantages of Positive Punishment?

Positive punishment aims to teach your dog to stop continuing an unwanted behavior by punishing it the moment it does something bad. You let your dog experience something undesirable so that it won’t do it again. In most cases, applying force and pain will result in obedience. The concept of positive punishment is easy and you will usually see results after two to three sessions.

Are There Disadvantages to Positive Punishment?

Positive punishment will teach your dog to stop doing something but it doesn’t present an alternate behavior. This will leave your dog confused because it will not know what else to do aside from the bad behavior. And so, it can become a vicious cycle, a pattern that will become familiar to your dog. Besides, constant use of punishment will emotionally debilitate your dog causing it to become fearful and anxious.


Basically, there are pros and cons in every training technique but one thing you have to remember is that they all work. Otherwise, it would not be practiced in dog training. We recommend you get to know your dog. You can do a trial and error to see which techniques will work on your dog. If you’re not interested in training your dog yourself, you can always ask for professional assistance.

Richmond, Effective Web Design Tips to Improve Your Bounce Rate

Is it time to improve the bounce rate on your website? This is when you are going to want to emphasize the best web design Richmond has to offer.

A lot of website owners don’t realize the impact a bad bounce rate can have on their website. It is essential to think about the different options that are available to you and then make the necessary changes to see positive results.

Here are the main web design tips that are going to make a serious difference in what you are doing as a website owner moving forward.

1. Have a Structured Layout

The first thing you are going to want to think about will be the layout and how everything interlinks. This means the various tabs and links are going to have a structured purpose to them and will guide the visitor in the right direction.

Each visitor is going to have a goal and it should be easy to move around the website without getting lost.

As soon as your visitor gets confused, they are going to leave. The amount of patience people have is going to be low when it comes to something like this.

2. Emphasize Site Speed

How fast is the speed?

The website has to be laser fast because that is what readers are going to expect. They want something that is going to flow nicely, look great, and is going to be quick as soon as they click on different pages. If that is not what they are getting, they will leave after a few seconds.

Imagine a clunky website and having to deal with different elements popping up all over the place!

This is what a lot of websites offer and that is a major issue. You have to get rid of those elements as soon as you can.

3. Test Mobile Features

Many websites falter because they work well on desktop and then fail as soon as someone uses them on a mobile device.

You have to realize more and more people are investing in high-end smartphones/tablets. These individuals are going to want to use websites that are easy for their devices.

Otherwise, you are not going to see good results and it isn’t going to work as intended. The goal should be to go with a mobile-friendly website design that is going to be easy on the eyes and is going to work on all types of devices.

4. Create Well-Rounded Content

At the end of the day, what are people going to be looking for as soon as they hop onto your website?

They are going to want thoughtful, elegant content that is going to answer their questions. It’s as simple as this. This is why your web design has to make sure the content remains the heart of the setup. If not, you are going to have people leaving as soon as they arrive on your website.

A lot of website owners make this mistake and that is what holds them back.


Final Thoughts

These are the web design tips that are going to matter a lot when you are putting everything together. It is easy to get lost in specific colors and themes, but what about the overall flow of your website? You have to make sure it is all in line with what the average visitor is going to want as that is what will play a serious role at the end of the day.

If you are not taking the time to focus on these web design tips, you are not going to see great results at all.

RSLogix 5000 Training and Tips To Make You A Faster PLC Programmer

They say that programmers only have to write and execute codes throughout their life. Well, ask a PLC programmer, and he/she will tell how different their world is. They create, design, maintain, and also troubleshoot different industrial automation systems driven directly or indirectly by Programmable Logic Controllers. For someone who wants to build a career in this field, be prepared to deal with lots of automation equipment and machines. But, thanks to the RSLogix 5000 for PLC Programmer, an emulator that helps to program and configure related products, it is now easier to understand and master this job.

How to become a PLC programmer

Your first step to becoming a PLC programmer is getting a formal education from a reputable post-secondary institution. But, what about the other steps? Well, here’s a guide you can follow:

Get a diploma or post-secondary degree

You should have both soft and hard skills to make it big in this field. And that starts by acquiring a diploma or post-secondary degree. The degree will take you places even if you don’t have hands-on experience at automation. Don’t be too selective about the programs. Take anything that is directly or indirectly related to automation, field of engineering, and control. Some of common programs that PLC programmers usually study is electronics engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, mechanotrics engineering, computer engineering, and so on.

The more engineering programs you have in your CV, the more you will impress your potential employer. It speaks a lot about your ability to take new challenges.

Use PLC software and hardware

You don’t need to wait to complete your diploma or degree course to get your hands in PLC hardware or software applications. Fortunately, there are tons of automation systems in use today. So, you will not find a shortage of information about them. You may not get actual hardware to disassemble and check how to make those stuff, but you can through lists of articles based on their entire making procedure.

The best way to start is following different forums that discuss about PLC programming. These will give you real-life experiences of what you may deal with after getting your first job. Apart from going through articles, you should also watch videos on how to program PLC software. You will also get an idea about handling both hardware and software projects simultaneously.

Using emulators

PLC emulators replicate the functions of actual hardware and software applications used in PLC programming. You can use the emulator on your computer or laptop and practice every day how to improve, create, edit, upload, and run the respective programs. Most of the automation companies provide these software-based emulators so that upcoming programmers can learn about them in detail. You don’t have to pay anything for the physical hardware. This is one of the best ways to understand what you will face in real-life projects.

The more you practice using emulators, the more experienced you become. Many companies still use traditional SLC-based PLC in the market. The emulators have dummy projects based on them too. So, they cover all your grounds to ensure you become ready for your first job whenever it comes.

Many PLC programmers say that emulators don’t provide actual physical interface. Enthusiastic candidates don’t get hands-on training on PLC hardware unless they get a job. But that’s the closest they can get. So, using emulators will not reduce your experience, but will, in turn, increase your knowledge about how to deal with different hardware.

Now that you know how to become a PLC programmer, get started with these guidelines, and no one will stop you from becoming the best in the business.

5 Clever Ways to Save More Cash

How much money have you saved or cash reserves? If you are not enthusiastic about your response then we’re guessing you haven’t saved enough if at all. When it comes to financial matters, saving is probably the hardest if not the most challenging thing to do. What makes it even more difficult is the fact that you are going against your innate desire to spend. More often than not, you cave in to this desire and end up with feelings of guilt and remorse and not to mention a draining bank account.

It’s no secret that saving money is crucial to living a happy and comfortable life. Knowing that you are able to achieve your financial goals year after year means you have a promising and secure future. There are a lot of reasons why you should save – for your retirement, for your travel goals, in cases of emergency etc. but then again, even though you know you’re supposed to save you always end up doing the opposite. The truth is, saving albeit difficult, can be done and once you get into the habit of saving, it will no longer be a struggle.

To help you achieve your financial goals, we’re sharing some of the best tips that will jumpstart your money-saving lifestyle. Here are 5 clever ways to save more cash.

Moneysaving Tip#1: Record All Your Expenses Down to The Last Cent

If you are serious about saving you need to start recording everything you are spending your money on. Keep a record of your expenses even if it seems trivial like coffee or giving a tip to the barista. All these must be recorded daily. Try it for a month so you can see what you are specifically spending on. Once you have your complete list you can now start categorizing them and allocating a total amount for each category like mortgage, medications, groceries, coffee etc.

If you want to get more accurate computations, we suggest that you pay these using your credit card since you will be provided with bank statements after every billing. Every expense will reflect in your bank statement. Another option is to download a spending tracker app on your phone to make it easier for you to input your expenses.

Moneysaving Tip#2: Make A Fixed Budget for Your Savings

Now that you know what you are spending your money on you need to start organizing your budget. Whether you’re using your computer or a notebook, it doesn’t matter what matters is you streamline your budget based on the categories above and keep a record of it for reference. Under each category indicate the total budget so you will know if you are under spending or overspending. Make sure that the items you list down are part of your monthly expenses like rentals. More importantly, add a savings category where you allot at least 10% of your monthly income.

Moneysaving Tip#3: Limit Your Spending

Refer to your list and observe your spending habits. If you think you are overspending in certain areas strive to cut back. For example, if you tend to overspend on restaurants and coffee shops maybe it’s about time to increase your grocery budget and opt to cook at home or make your own coffee. You’ll be surprised at how much money you’ll save if you learn to cut back. Identify expenses that are not that important and spend less on them. If you are used to dining out almost every night try to change and dine only during the weekends or if you are a regular at Starbucks aim to only buy expensive coffee twice a week the most.

Moneysaving Tip #4: Find Reasons to Save

One of the secrets to effective saving is having goals. Setting goals will motivate you to set aside money and will compel you to save. It could be saving for an engagement ring, a holiday vacation to a country you have always wanted to visit or saving for your future retirement. After setting your goals figure out how much money you’re going to save for each one. There are two types of goals – short-term and long-term. Examples of short-term goals include vacation holidays; a birthday reward and an emergency fund while examples of long-term goals include a down payment for a new house, your children’s educational plan and your retirement.

Moneysaving Tip#5: List Down Your Priorities

Knowing what your priorities are will make it easier for you to save money. Have a list of both your short-term and long-term goals and refer to it whenever you are tempted to spend money on non-essentials.

Believe it or not but learning how to save money can benefit you greatly both in the here and now and in the future. You are going to thank yourself someday for appreciating the beauty of delayed gratification.

Top 6 SEO Rank Reporting Platforms

SEO as an industry has been going through tremendous growth over the past decade. It’s one of the very few marketing tactics that has a high return on investment for small and big businesses alike. For starters, unlike online ads that are susceptible to ad blocking software, online user are not in a position of blocking SEO. Additionally, since SEO focuses on search terms that people are already searching for, more often than not, SEO provides a higher conversion rate.

SEO concept with searching icons and graph

However, this is only true when certain conditions are met. One of these conditions is the use and ranking of appropriate terms in the pages you try to rank. With this in mind, it is always useful to determine the performance of the pages of your website in the search results. To fulfill this need, SEOs usually turn to ranking tracking platforms in the form of downloadable software or browser extensions. If you’re looking for a keyword rank tracking software, here are five of the best rank tracking platforms on the market.

#1. SEMrush – SEMrush is a comprehensive SEO Tools platform, giving SEO practitioners a plethora of features that they can use to rank their websites, analyze competition, and track their ranking. This platform is particularly designed to track keyword-based ranking on your web pages, giving insight on the performance of the various keywords in each page.

The combination of the keyword tracking feature and other features make is amply capable of meeting the needs of both SEO novices as well as professionals. It comes with a trial version, which you can use to test its performance.

#2. SEO Book Rank Checker – This tracker is a browser extension based tracker developed for installation on Firefox browsers. It is well regarded for its simplistic approach to rank tracking. It loads a rank checker window from which users can perform their rank checking. However, to ensure that all that the features this extension comes with work perfectly, it is advised that users make of a VPN/VPS. The browser extension is free.

#3. Market Samurai – Market Samurai is a downloadable software that works on both Windows and Mac. It is perfectly optimized to offer rank checking functionality in an easy to understand and efficient platform. However, it also has other features that improve your SEO endeavor, including Keyword research function and competitor analysis.

#4. Autographic Insight – This is a higher-end software, which allows agencies to customize their reporting. The amount of customization is only limited to the imagination of the firm requesting a platform to be designed for their needs. It is intended primarily as an SEO reporting tool, making it much more client-friendly than many other SEO reporting tools which cater more to the SEO professional, himself.

Screenshot of SEO Dashboard with Graphs

Autographic Insight SEO Reporting Dashboard

#5. Moz Rank Tracking – This is another platform that is a favorite among professionals. It allows you to easily setup rank tracking functions by adding web pages and the keywords you are trying to rank. Additionally, it comes with an Open Site Explorer, which improves your ability to perform SEO. There is a 30-day free trial for Moz Rank Tracking.

#6. Rank Tracker – The Rank Tracker software is one of the most competent and comprehensive rank tracking software we have in the SEO realm. The software provides the most up-date ranking information for your analysis. As a show of its robustness, it supports 593 local and international search engines. Another discerning feature is the scheduling of automatic rank checks. Additionally, users can analyze the ranking history of web pages.

Rank Tracker comes in two versions. Rank Tracker Enterprise that focuses on providing ranking information to SEO companies and professionals and the Rank Tracker Pro that focuses on providing ranking information to bloggers, businesses and SEO novices.

You should note that this list is by no means conclusive. There are plenty of other rank tracking platforms out there. However, these are platforms which provide ample features and perform exemplarily.

Does Your Company Need a Cyber Security Officer?

Do you own a company where some or all of your operations take place on the internet? Do you have the appropriate security protocols in place to ensure that your business is safe, including your employees and your business partners? If you have any doubts about whether or not the sensitive data you have could be targeted, you likely are in need of a cyber security officer.

cyber security officer looking through magnifying glasses - humorCyber security professionals have the training and knowledge to protect your business against hacking, theft, data loss, and more. There are many things that you have to consider to keep your company safe in the online world. You need to have a comprehensive plan that includes attacks from the real world as well as the cyber world. If the security of either of these is easily breached, your entire business is at risk. Not only your company could come to harm, but others could as well.

Now, you might be thinking that the products, materials and information that you work with would not be of interest to anyone else. However, that is rarely the case. Criminals have a peculiar way of viewing the world that is likely quite different from what you see. It is possible that you have information they want and do not even realize it. This might be related to someone on your staff, an associate of yours or some other less obvious target.

Hacker using laptopCyber attacks are becoming more and more common. Even government security oversight bodies are themselves getting hacked. In addition to people that might want to steal some of the information that you have, there are also those who just want to create disruptions. For instance, teens who hack into files of strangers just for fun. What is funny to them can undo years of hard work for you.

When a cyber-attack occurs, the business owner who is not ready can lose everything. If you have not taken care of matters and planned for such an event, it might even be the end of the company. Unfortunately, that happens on a regular basis with businesses everywhere that are not prepared for cyber troubles.

This is why you should look into hiring a cyber security officer. Whether you utilize a full-time cyber security officer or contract a professional security company to handle these tasks for you, you should certainly not ignore the importance of computer and internet security. Doing so is negligent and might even lead to the demise of an otherwise successful company.

A good cyber security officer can also help you to pick up the pieces and put your business back together after an incident. Depending on what has happened, the team might be able to restore your company to an operational state. Then, the security team can begin to create new protections to prevent future criminals from being able to get into your network.

Although you might not want to think about the expenses that are associated with hiring a cyber security officer for your business, just consider the expenses that can accompany a breach. The fact is that you cannot afford to ignore the potential threat. Take the attitude of becoming a model for business owners smart enough to take a proactive stance rather than handling their cyber affairs reactively. You owe it to yourself, your company and the people that you work with to use the best security measures that you can. Including the cyber world in your efforts is essential for any company’s security plan.

Fundamentals Of Object Oriented Programming For Java Novices

Java is definitely an powerful programming language that’s used in several different applications. It’s yet another fertile predecessor that’s given birth to many people other equally powerful languages. If you wish to figure out how to code in Java, it’s crucial that you understand its most fundamental concept: Object Oriented Programming or OOP.

The Object Defined

In OOP languages like Java, programs are broken down into independent sub-units called objects. The real key traits that define an item are that this contains some related functions (sometimes called methods) and variables. The variables associated with an object change according to its functions. This activity is known as behavior, as well as an object’s behavior determines its state. The state is what data arrives of any object when it’s observed.

Objects are fully independent systems of their very own that incorporate everything they need to operate. Their variables are common internalized and their functions are predefined. Nearly all programming objects include communications functions, though. These allow objects to pass through data to each other in the form of inputs and outputs. All useful OOP programs are comprised of multiple objects cooperating.

Classes And Inheritance

In any given program, you’re very likely to have to perform operations on different groups of variables likewise. This necessitates multiple objects with the same functions but different variable sets. Objects like this are referred to as a class. Individual objects are referred to as instances of a class. This structure is helpful for the reason that same instructions can be sent to an entire class no matter the individual states of the objects, modifying multiple variables concurrently without overwriting them.

Another hierarchy utilized in OOP is inheritance. This really is a concept that allows you to produce distinct classes of objects without reusing common code. Two classes which share many functions may be organized as sub-classes of the superclass. An inherited class duplicates the functions from the superclass and adds unique ones from the own. Java supports multi-level inheritance (infinitely nested sub-classes) however, not multiple inheritance (sub-classes with over one parent).

Advantages Of OOP

Java’s object-oriented nature will make it an incredibly flexible language and vastly accelerates the creation and modification of programs. Because individual objects and classes of objects have limited scope and concern themselves primarily using their internal functions, you are able to concentrate on higher-level behavior without dictating every purpose of every object. This concept is called encapsulation. Java (but not all OOP languages) even supports strict encapsulation, enabling you to conceal an object’s variables to ensure data only comes from it through its functions.

While you’ll learn to build objects of your whenever you learn Java, most of your programming time will likely be focused on assembling existing objects and modifying existing classes for your needs. An accumulation of predefined classes and relationships between them is named a package. Beginning to build an application with a team of packages instead of a blank slate lets you use hundreds (if not thousands) of functional predefined object classes.

Java is certainly a potent language, but it’s also fairly hard to learn. Starting off having a firm comprehension of object oriented programming is a large advantage, and you’ll be better equipped to discover the intricacies of Java once you internalize the principles of OOP.